Lunds universitet, Juridiska fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen

Lund University was founded in 1666 and is repeatedly ranked among the world’s top universities. The University has around 47 000 students and more than 8 800 staff based in Lund, Helsingborg and Malmö. We are united in our efforts to understand, explain and improve our world and the human condition.

Lund University welcomes applicants with diverse backgrounds and experiences. We regard gender equality and diversity as a strength and an asset.

The Faculty of Law is offering one doctoral student position for a Doctor of Laws Degree in the subject area of legal science with a specialisation in health law. The present position is partly funded by the Swedish Research Council and is part of a larger interdisciplinary research programme “The artificially intelligent use of registers (AIR Lund)”.

Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning, i.e. methods based on training computer programs to succeed at a particular task, have received a lot of attention within research in recent years but also in wider society. Analytical methods that are based on self-learning computer programs have proven to be useful in a range of different areas of medicine, for example, to learn how to recognise complicated disease patterns, to interpret x-ray images and to carry out risk assessments of different kinds. The research programme AIR Lund includes a critical evaluation of the benefits and risks linked to the use of self-learning computer programs in healthcare in situations where these are used together with comprehensive data from health and population registers. Specifically, the research team is working with self-learning computer programs and register processing with the aim to prevent, discover and predict the healthcare needs of people with cardiovascular disease. In the interdisciplinary research environment, researchers are working in clinical medicine, epidemiology, computer science, technology and social change, law and health economics.  

The doctoral student in legal science will take part with an individually designed project in AIR Lund. The doctoral project in legal science can focus on different legal issues that are updated with the development and implementation of AI and machine learning in the AIR Lund programme. For example, the project could study the legal aspects around responsibility and openness, such as privacy risks connected to an increased linking of sensitive personal data from different sources or the risks linked to the use of AI and self-learning computer programs as decision-making support in healthcare. It could also focus on the risks of misleading or discriminatory analytical results or inadequate proposed decisions that occur when a machine decision-making tool that makes a medical diagnosis and predicts risks is unable to explain or justify its proposed decisions. In addition, the project could, for example, study the legal aspects that arise when a patient’s data protection rights are in conflict with the private healthcare provider’s rights to protect AI algorithms. The project will be conducted within the framework of the faculty’s Health Law Research Centre and will be carried out in collaboration with the interdisciplinary research team in AIR Lund.

Job assignments

Those appointed to doctoral studentships shall primarily devote themselves to their studies. Those appointed to doctoral studentships may, however, work to a limited extent with educational tasks, research and administration. Before a doctorate has been awarded, however, duties of this kind may not comprise more than 20 per cent of a full-time post. (Higher Education Ordinance chapter 5 section 2)

The researchers and teachers at the Faculty are expected to contribute to a dynamic research environment as well as to other Faculty activities, and to perform work primarily in the workplace provided by the Faculty.

Eligibility/Entry Requirements

Only those who are or have been admitted to third-cycle courses and study programmes at a higher education may be appointed to doctoral studentships. (Higher Education Ordinance chapter 5 section 3)

A person meets the general entry requirements for third-cycle courses and study programmes if he or she:

- has been awarded a second-cycle qualification,

- has satisfied the requirements for courses comprising at least 240 credits of which at least 60 credits were awarded in the second-cycle, or

- has acquired substantially equivalent knowledge in some other way in Sweden or abroad.

(Higher Education Ordinance chapter 7 section 39)

The special requirements are fulfilled by those who have completed a law programme and obtained the degree Master of Laws (juris kandidatexamen/juristexamen). The special requirements may also be fulfilled by those who can demonstrate other educational or particular professional experience where this is judged to provide the necessary qualification for doctoral studies comparable to that provided by the degree of Master of Laws (juris kandidatexamen/juristexamen) regarding both the subject for doctoral study and general legal education of importance for that subject.

Applicants with Swedish juristexamen/juris kandidatexamen degrees must have attained a grade average of Ba in the compulsory courses of the undergraduate programme. Applicants holding other degrees must have attained in principle an equivalent grade average in comparable portions of the degree programme. Only where very special circumstances apply may the Faculty Board approve exemptions from this rule.

The applicant must have obtained the degree of Master of Laws or the equivalent no later than 30 September 2020.

Basis of Assessment

For regulations concerning employment of Doctoral Students etc, see Higher Education Ordinance chapter 5 sections 1-7.

For regulations concerning admission to third-cycle courses and study programmes, see Higher Education Ordinance chapter 7 sections 34-41.

Admittance of a doctoral student is based on an assessment of the candidate’s ability to benefit from third-cycle studies (Higher Education Ordinance chapter 5 section 5, chapter 7 sections 35, 41).

The applicant’s ability to benefit from third-cycle studies and research will be assessed with reference to the selection criteria stated in the general study plan for third-cycle studies at the Faculty of Law, which are given in no particular order of importance.

The applicant's general competence:

- quality and content of the applicant's previous written work, such as a master's thesis

- ability to participate actively in the faculty´s research environment

- relevant educational background and grades/grade average

- relevant work experience

The scientific quality of the project description:

- ability to describe, question and discuss the current state of research

- sufficient clarity and logical coherence in the formulation of the aim and the research questions

- stringency of legal reasoning and analysis

- adequate selection of theory and methods

- capacity for creativity and innovation in the formulation of the research questions and approaches

- clear expression and sufficient detail.

Appointment Procedure

Application should be submitted through Lund University job application portal.

Your application should contain a curriculum vitae, grade transcripts, project description, a master thesis or similar degree projects, one or two references (manager, supervisor etc.) and other documents that you wish to submit.

The applicant's project description should aim at a discussion of the doctoral project, and its context, specific aim and research questions, relevant legal regulation, current state of research and possible theoretical and methodological approaches etc. In the project description the applicant should also reflect on knowledge, abilities and experiences of relevance to the doctoral project and it successful implementation.

For further questions, please contact Professor Titti Mattsson.

Please refer to the Guidelines for the project description for guidance.

The project description, enclosed in the electronic application, must not exceed 15 000 characters (n.b. - any text that exceeds the 15 000 character limit will not be considered) including spaces, footnotes, list of references and must be written in English, Swedish, Danish, or Norwegian. 

The Committee on Doctoral Education will call a limited number of candidates to interviews to be held on 18 November 2020, either by personal meetings or by video conference/telephone. Notification regarding who will be called for an interview is given no later than 15 October 2020. The interview will be based on the project description and is intended to give the research committee an opportunity to gauge each applicant’s capacity for research and ability to complete the project described.

Type of employment

Limit of tenure, four years according to HF 5 kap 7§.

Type of employment Temporary position
First day of employment 2021-01-01
Salary Monthly salary
Number of positions 1
Full-time equivalent 100
City Lund
County Skåne län
Country Sweden
Reference number PA2020/2327
  • director of studies Markus Gunneflo, +46462221043
  • administrative director Helena Josefsson, +46462221095
Union representative
  • SACO:Saco-s-rådet vid Lunds universitet, 046-222 93 64
  • OFR/ST:Fackförbundet ST:s kansli, 046-222 93 62
Published 19.Aug.2020
Last application date 30.Sep.2020 11:59 PM CEST

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