Lund University, MAX IV , Diffraction & Scattering

Lund University was founded in 1666 and is repeatedly ranked among the world’s top 100 universities. The University has 40 000 students and more than 8 000 staff based in Lund, Helsingborg and Malmö. We are united in our efforts to understand, explain and improve our world and the human condition.

MAX IV is a Swedish national large-scale research laboratory hosted by Lund University. It provides scientists from Sweden as well as internationally, with state-of-the-art instrumentation for research in areas such as engineering, physics, structural biology, chemistry and nanotechnology. Fully developed it will receive more than 2 000 scientists annually, conducting ground-breaking experiments in materials and life sciences using the brilliant X-ray light.


The Balder beamline is dedicated to X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) in the medium and hard X-ray energy range, 2.4-40 keV. The high brilliance from the 3 GeV storage ring in combination with the beamline design allows to perform time-resolved measurements down to sub-second time resolution.

The In-situ multi-parameter Analysis Platform for Formation of Energy Materials (in-FORM) is a collaborative project of scientists from the Balder beamline of MAX IV and the division of Chemical Physics at Lund University. With in-FORM we will create a synchrotron-based in-situ platform for solution processed materials to gain insight into the formation of functional materials during deposition. We will develop instrumentation consisting of a slot-die coating and annealing system with atmosphere control, suitably small foot-print as well as flexibility for integration into the Balder beamline. We will develop methods for real-time in-situ investigations during deposition of functional energy materials combining X-ray spectroscopy (XAS/XRF), X-ray scattering (XRD) and optical spectroscopy (X-ray- / optically excited luminescence and reflection). The aim is to capture changes in composition, structure and optoelectronic properties simultaneously. By also developing correlative data acquisition, analysis and visualization tools, we will enable a broader material research community to make use of our methodology. With this project we will stablish an in-situ material research platform for research communities in the fields of catalysis, batteries and photovoltaics, which can be expanded for any solution-processable material.

Job description

We are now looking for a post doctoral fellow to work on the development of novel instrumentation for high-throughput in-situ investigations during solution processing (slot-die coating) of various materials. This includes the development of a small-footprint roll-to-roll slot-die coating and thermal annealing system with in-situ capabilities for X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and optical spectroscopy. The successful candidate will develop the in-situ coating system in collaboration with the project team and a slot-die coating company and test its capabilities. In the second half of the project she/he will use the newly build equipment and will in-situ investigate formation processes of materials from different fields of catalysis, photovoltaics and batteries in collaboration with experts in the respective field. Depending on the background of the successful candidate, she/he will be deeply involved into the development of either in-situ optical spectroscopy (photoluminescence, reflection and X-ray excited optical luminescence with time-resolution) or combined XAS/XRD.


Appointment to a post-doctoral position requires that the applicant has a PhD, or an international degree deemed equivalent to a PhD, within the subjects of physics, chemistry, materials science, engineering or a related discipline, completed no more than three years before the last date for applications. Under special circumstances, the doctoral degree can have been completed earlier.

Additional requirements:

  • documented experience in (at least one of the following): Solution-based processing, X-ray diffraction (thin-film), X-ray absorption spectroscopy, in-situ optical spectroscopy (UV-vis, Photoluminescence, etc.)
  • willing to and capable of designing (CAD), building and using novel complex instrumentation
  • demonstrated ability to work independently as well as in a team
  • excellent command of spoken and written English, well-developed communication skills

The following qualifications are considered an asset:

  • experience in CAD-based design of scientific equipment
  • experience in solution processing of thin-films for either photovoltaic, catalysis or battery applications
  • experience in programming and process automation

We offer

This position offers a focused project within the cutting-edge field of real-time in-situ material research at one of the most advanced synchrotrons. The applicant will work on an inter-disciplinary project together with experts in the fields of solution processing techniques, in-situ X-ray spectroscopy and diffraction analysis as well as with experts from catalysis, photovoltaics and battery material research. There is a high potential for high impact publication of project results and research career development.

This is a 2 year employment. 

Type of employment Temporary position longer than 6 months
Contract type Full time
Number of positions 1
Working hours 100 %
City Lund
County Skåne län
Country Sweden
Reference number PA2019/571
  • Conny Såthe, +46709323673
  • Justus Just,
Union representative
  • OFR/ST:Fackförbundet ST:s kansli, 046-222 93 62
  • SACO:Saco-s-rådet vid Lunds universitet, 046-222 93 64
Published 16.Apr.2019
Last application date 18.May.2019 11:59 PM CET

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